NDPS [Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances] Act 

#GS3 #InternalSecurity

Context

  • Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) arrested drug abusers following a drug bust on board a cruise ship off the Mumbai coast.

NDPS [Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances] Act 
 

  • NDPS Act prevents the production, possession, sale, purchase, transport, storage, and/or consumption of any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance.
  • The act came into force in 1985 and was amended three times.
  • Under the act: 
    • Narcotic drugs: coca leaf, cannabis (hemp), opium, and poppy straw. 
    • Psychotropic substances: any natural or synthetic material or any salt or preparation protected by the Psychotropic Substances Convention of 1971.
  • The penalties under the NDPS Act are severe.
    • Punishments will include jail terms ranging from 1 to 20 years and a fine. 
    • Abetment, criminal conspiracy and attempts to commit an offence will attract the same punishment as the offence itself. 
    • Just preparation to commit an offence attracts half the penalty. 
    • Repeat offences attract one and a half times the penalty and in some cases even the death penalty.
    • Property acquired from drug-related offences can be seized, frozen and forfeited.
    • Offences under the NDPS Act are non-bailable.
    • Convicts cannot request relief by termination, remission, and commutation of sentences passed.

Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) 

  • The NCB was constituted in 1986 under the NDPS Act.
  • It is the nodal agency that is responsible for drug law enforcement and also in matters relating to drug abuse.
  • It falls under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
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