Mount Everest got 3 feet higher

#GS1 #GEOGRAPHY #GS3 #ENVIRONMENT

The Foreign Ministers of Nepal and China jointly certified the elevation of Mount Everest at 8,848.86 metres above sea level86 cm higher than what was recognised since 1954. 

  • The common declaration meant that the two countries have shed their long-standing difference in opinion about the mountain’s height - 29,017 feet (8,844 m) claimed by China and 29,028 ft (8,848 m) by Nepal. 

 

  • In feet, the new elevation is about 29,031 ft, or about 3 ft higher than Nepal’s previous claim.
  • No other mountain has perhaps been the subject of as much debate. 
  • Over the years, there have been debates on issues like whether it should be “rock height”, or whether the snow cladding it, too, should be accounted for.
  • This was determined by the Survey of India in 1954, using instruments like theodolites and chains, with GPS still decades away. 
  • The elevation of 8,848 m came to be accepted in all references worldwide - except by China. Mount Everest rises from the border between Nepal and China.
  • There was also a third estimate, even higher. In 1999, a US team put the elevation at 29,035 feet (nearly 8,850 m). 
  • This survey was sponsored by the National Geographic Society, US. The Society uses this measurement, while the rest of the world, except China, had accepted 8,848 m so far.
  • The fact that both Chinese and Nepali data tallied shows the accuracy.
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