Moscow Plan – Five point plan of India and China 

#GS2 #InternationalRelations #Diplomacy  

The Foreign Ministers of India and China, Subrahmanyam Jaishankar and Wang Yi, arrived at a ‘Five Points’ agreement to reduce the prevailing tension on the Ladakh border during their talks in Moscow on the sidelines of the SCO Summit. 

Significance of the plan  

  • This meeting between the two foreign ministers was an attempt to break the state of impasse as series of talks have taken place at multiple levels without yielding any results. 
  • It was also good optics especially for China as the Communist leadership was keen to showcase its sincerity to resolve the issues through dialogue. 
  • It is in keeping with the Chinese policy of ‘talking and fighting simultaneously’ (yi bian dan-yi bian da). Besides, it also lent credence to the role of Moscow in setting up the stage for the talks. 

Analysing the plan  

  • The five-point plan is: following the consensus between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping to – 
  • “not allow differences to become disputes”, disengaging quickly to ease tensions, abiding by the existing India-China border protocols and avoiding escalatory action, continuing the dialogue between the Special Representatives, National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and Mr. Wang Yi, and the other mechanisms and working towards new confidence building measures (CBMs). 
  • It reiterates the process of dialogue, disengagement, and easing of the situation. All this was comprehensively dealt with in the previous five agreements given below: 
  • The 1993 – ‘Maintenance of Peace and Tranquility Agreement’ forms the basis of all followup agreements. 
  • 1996 – ‘Confidence Building Measures’ denounced the use of force 
  • 2005 – ‘Standard Operating Procedures’ and patrolling modalities. 
  • 2012 – ‘Process of Consultation and Cooperation’ 
  • 2013 – ‘Border Cooperation Agreement’, signed as a sequel to Depsang intrusion by PLA 
  • There is no requirement of additional agreements. The moot point is their implementation as these have been violated by the PLA in pursuit of its “Nibble and Negotiate” strategy. 
  • In fact, all these agreements have only helped China to consolidate its claims over a period of time by waging a ‘bullet-less’ war. 
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