#GS1 #Geography #GS2 #Governance
Karnataka Government is likely to take a delegation to bring pressure on the Centre to approve the construction of the Mekedatu balancing reservoir that has been proposed to store water for drinking purposes.
- Being set up by the Karnataka government, the project is near Mekedatu, in Ramanagaram district, across the river Cauvery from Tamil Nadu.
- Its primary objective is to supply drinking water to Bengaluru and recharge the groundwater table in the region.
- Tamil Nadu has moved the Supreme Court. Its main argument is that the project violates the final award of the Cauvery River Water Tribunal, and that the “construction of the two reservoirs would result in impounding of the flows in the intermediate catchment below the Krishnaraja Sagar and Kabini reservoirs, and Billigundulu in the common border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu”.
- Karnataka says, the project will not come in the way of releasing the stipulated quantum of water to Tamil Nadu, nor will it be used for irrigation purposes.
About Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA)
- In a gazette notification, the Ministry of Water Resources said it has framed a scheme constituting the CMA and the Cauvery Water Regulation Committee to give effect to the decision of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal as modified by the Supreme Court order.
- The authority would comprise a chairman, eight members besides a secretary. Out of eight members, two each will be full-time and part-time members, while the rest four would be part-time members from states.
- The chairman of the authority should either be a “senior and eminent engineer” with an experience of water resource management and handling of inter-state water dispute or an IAS officer with an experience in water resources management and handling the inter-state dispute.
- He will have the tenure of five years or until he reaches the age of 65, whichever is earlier.
About Cauvery river
- The Cauvery river is the longest river of Peninsular India. And it is also the third largest river after Godavari and Krishna in south India and the largest in Tamil Nadu which on its course, bisects the state into North and South.
- The river has water flow throughout the year because it gets rainwater from south-west monsoons in the upper-catchment area (located in Karnataka) and from the north-east monsoons in the lower-catchment area (located in Tamil Nadu).
- Source of origin – The river rises from Talakaveri in the hills of Brahmagiri in Kodagu district in the state of Karnataka.
- Confluence or mouth of the river – The river drains its waters into the Bay of Bengal before forming a wide delta called the garden of southern India.