- The geographical influence of Maoists has contracted to only 41 districts in the country, a sharp reduction from 96 such districts in 10 States in 2010, according to data provided by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
- LWE organizations are usually armed factions that try to bring transformations through violent rebellion.
- They resist government institutions and resort to armed conflict to destroy the government’s processes at ground level. In many cases they have harmed innocent civilians.
- They initiate armed insurgency against the State.
- They are motivated by extremist leftist ideologies.
- Left-wing extremists are generally known as Maoists. They are usually called Naxalites in India.
- These groups create interruption to the developmental processes in the least developed regions of the country and attempt to misguide the natives.
- The term Naxalism originates from the village Naxalbari of West Bengal. The movement has its roots in a rebellion against local landlords who bashed a peasant over a land dispute.
- The rebellion began in 1967, with the aim to rightful redistribution of the land to working peasants under the leadership of Kanu Sanyal and Jagan Santhal.
- The movement became popularised in the Eastern India in less developed areas of states such as Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.
- The most integral among maoist groups in India is the Communist Party of India (Maoist)
- Maoists follow the ideology called Maoism. It is a form of communism proponed by Chinese leader Mao Zedong.