Maoist Insurgency

#GS3 #InternalSecurity

Context

  • The geographical influence of Maoists has contracted to only 41 districts in the country, a sharp reduction from 96 such districts in 10 States in 2010, according to data provided by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). 

Left-Wing Extremism

  • LWE organizations are usually armed factions that try to bring transformations through violent rebellion. 
  • They resist government institutions and resort to armed conflict to destroy the government’s processes at ground level. In many cases they have harmed innocent civilians.
  • They initiate armed insurgency against the State. 
  • They are motivated by extremist leftist ideologies. 
  • Left-wing extremists are generally known as Maoists. They are usually called Naxalites in India. 
  • These groups create interruption to the developmental processes in the least developed regions of the country and attempt to misguide the natives. 
  • The term Naxalism originates from the village Naxalbari of West Bengal. The movement has its roots in a rebellion against local landlords who bashed a peasant over a land dispute.
  • The rebellion began in 1967, with the aim to rightful redistribution of the land to working peasants under the leadership of Kanu Sanyal and Jagan Santhal.
  • The movement became popularised in the Eastern India in less developed areas of states such as Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.
  • The most integral among maoist groups in India is the Communist Party of India (Maoist)
  • Maoists follow the ideology called Maoism. It is a form of communism proponed by Chinese leader Mao Zedong.

 

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