Literacy, numeracy mission deadline pushed to 2027



The Centre’s recently announced new mission to make sure that each Class 3 child has foundational literacy and numeracy within five years.

Key Points :

The National Education Policy had included a 2025 deadline to realize the goal, the Centre has pushed back the target date to 2026-27, as long as COVID-19 has already disrupted two academic years.

  • The School Department of Education says no additional funding is being allocated for the National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy (NIPUN Bharat).
  • Instead, money is being allocated from the flagship Samagra Shiksha scheme, which actually saw a 20% drop by its budget this year.

About the National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy (NIPUN Bharat):

  • It is to make an enabling environment to ensure the universal acquisition of foundational literacy and numeracy.
  • The goal is that each child achieves the specified learning competencies in reading, writing and numeracy by the end of Grade 3, by 2026-27.
  • A five-tier implementation mechanism are going to be originated at the national, state, district, block and school levels.

NIPUN Bharat is probably going to emphasise:  

  • Goal setting and accountability for State governments and  
  • Provide guidelines for:  
  • Teacher training,  
  • Assessment and  
  • The creation of printed resources, consistent with people that helped develop the mission.
  • Central Square Foundation, a non-governmental organisation with attention on foundational literacy and numeracy, has provided inputs and technical support to the Centre within the development of this mission.
  • It will be funded under the aegis of the centrally sponsored scheme of Samagra Shiksha.
Union Education Minister to virtually launch NIPUN Bharat today - NewsOnAIR  -


Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan:

  • The scheme was launched in 2018-19.
  • Aims and objectives of the scheme:  
  • It aims to enhance school effectiveness in terms of equal opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes.  
  • To harmonize the implementation mechanisms and transaction costs at all levels, particularly in using state, district, and sub-district.
  • Bridging Social and Gender Gaps at school Education.
  • Universal Access, Equity and Quality, promoting Vocationalisation of Education and strengthening of Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs).
  • It envisages the ‘school’ as a continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to senior secondary levels.

Details of the scheme:

  • It subsumes the three erstwhile Schemes of  
  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA),  
  • Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), and  
  • Teacher Education (TE).


  • It will be implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme through a single State Implementation Society (SIS) at the State/UT level.  
  • At the National level, there would be a;  
  • Governing Council headed by the Minister of Human Resource Development and  
  • Project Approval Board (PAB) headed by the Secretary, Department of school Education and Literacy.  
  • The Governing Council are going to be empowered to switch financial and programmatic norms and approve the detailed guidelines for implementation within the general framework of the scheme.  

Funding of the scheme:  

  • 90:10 - Centre-State ratio for the 8 North-Eastern States and 4 Himalayan States/UTs viz. Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
  • 60:40 - For all other States and Union Territories with the Legislature.  
  • It is 100% centrally sponsored for Union Territories without the Legislature.



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