Kaziranga National Park

#GS1 #Geography #GS3 #Environment #Wildlife #Conservation

The pandemic-wary domestic and foreign tourists have largely avoided the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR). But their space has been mostly filled by local people and visitors from elsewhere in Assam and its adjoining north-eastern States.

 

About Kaziranga National Park 

  • Kaziranga National park is a 430 square kilometre area sprinkled with elephant-grass meadows, swampy lagoons, and dense forests is home to more than 2200 Indian one-horned rhinoceros, approximately 2/3rd of their total world population.
  • It lies south to the Brahmaputra river.
  • Formed in 1908 on the recommendation of Mary Curzon, the park is located in the edge of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspots – Golaghat and Nagaon district in Assam.
  • The National Highway 37 passes through the park area. The park also has more than 250 seasonal water bodies, besides the Diphlu River running through it.
  • In the year 1985, the park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
  • Along with the iconic Greater one-horned rhinoceros, the park is the breeding ground of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.
  • Over the time, the tiger population has also increased in Kaziranga, and that’s the reason why Kaziranga was declared as Tiger Reserve in 2006.

 

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