Jal Shakti Abhiyan - II
#GS3 Water resource management
- The Minister of Jal Shakti has urged all MPs to support the continued “Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch The Rain” campaign in their respective constituencies and states.
- Such interventions would ensure water source sustainability in rural areas and would strengthen the continued Jal Jeevan Mission being implemented by the Ministry.
- The Abhiyan is given the theme- “Catch the Rain where it falls, when it falls’ was launched on the occasion of world water day (22nd March 2021).
- It covers all rural and concrete areas of all districts of the country.
- Jal Shakti Abhiyan-I of 2019, covered only 1592 water-stressed blocks out of 2836 blocks in 256 districts of the country.
- National Water Mission, under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, is that the nodal agency for its implementation.
- A total of just about Rs. 14,000 Cr worth of conservation-related work is completed/ongoing under the MGNREGS (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) of the Dept of Rural Development.
- The campaign primarily focuses on tapping rainwater by constructing artificial recharge structures, revitalizing existing ponds and water bodies, creating new water bodies, provisioning check dams, rejuvenating wetlands and rivers before the onset of the monsoon.
- It is also planned to make a database of all water bodies within the country by geo-tagging them and using this data to make scientific and data-based district-level conservation plans.
Other Initiatives to Conserve Water:
Jal Jeevan Mission:
An initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti aims to make sure access to piped water for each household in rural India.
The government of India has restructured and subsumed the National Rural beverage Programme (NRDWP) into Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) to supply Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to each rural household i.e., Har Ghar Nal Se Jal (HGNSJ).
Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban):
In the Budget 2021-22, Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban) was announced under the Housing and concrete Affairs Ministry to supply universal coverage of water system to all or any households through functional taps altogether statutory towns in accordance with Sustainable Development Goal- 6 (clean water and sanitation).
National Water Mission:
It was launched with the agenda of conservation of water, minimizing wastage, and ensuring more equitable distribution both across and within States through integrated water resources development and management.
NITI Aayog's Composite Water Management Index:
With the target of achieving effective utilization of water, NITI Aayog has developed the Composite Water Management Index.
Atal Bhujal Yojana:
- It is a central sector scheme worth Rs. 6,000 crore for sustainable management of groundwater with community participation.
- It envisages people's participation through the formation of ‘Water User Associations’, water budgeting, preparation and implementation of Gram-panchayat-wise water security plans, etc.