Israel strikes Syria after attack near nuclear site
#GS2 #IR #INDIA AND ITS NEIGHBOURS
After a missile was fired towards a secretive nuclear site in the Jewish state a Syrian officer was killed and three soldiers were wounded in strikes aftermath of the attacks Israel
- Since the outbreak of Syria’s civil war in 2011, Israel has routinely carried out aerial raids on the country, mostly targeting Iranian and Lebanese Hezbollah forces as well as government troops.
- Its latest salvo was launched after a missile was fired from Syria towards southern Israel, where the Dimona nuclear reactor is located.
- Sirens sounded in Abu Qrenat, a Bedouin village not far from the nuclear site before it responded by striking multiple defense batteries across the border.
- The exchange of fire comes less than two weeks after Iran accused its arch-foe Israel of “terrorism” following an explosion at the Islamic republic’s Natanz nuclear facility.
- A surface-to-air missile was fired from Syria to Israel’s southern Negev.
- In response, they struck the battery from which the missile was launched and additional surface-to-air batteries in Syria.
- The Israeli retaliatory strikes killed a Syrian officer and seriously wounded three soldiers.
Arab Spring and the Syrian Crisis
- The Arab Spring was a series of pro-democracy uprisings that enveloped several largely Muslim countries, including Tunisia, Morocco, Syria, Libya, Egypt and Bahrain.
- The Arab Spring began in December 2010 when Tunisian street vendor Mohammed Bouazizi set himself on fire to protest the arbitrary seizing of his vegetable stands by police over failure to obtain a permit.
- In 2011, successful uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt gave hope to Syrian pro-democracy activists.
- The Syrian government, led by President Bashar al-Assad, responded to the protests by killing hundreds of demonstrators and imprisoning many more.
- In July 2011, defectors from the military announced the formation of the Free Syrian Army(FSA), a rebel group aiming to overthrow the government, and Syria began to slide into civil war.
- Foreign backing and open intervention have played a large role in Syria's civil war. Russia entered the conflict in 2015 and has been the Syrian government's main ally since then.
- In September 2015, Russia launched a bombing campaign against what is referred to as "terrorist groups" in Syria, which included ISIS as well as FSA backed by the USA.
- Due to this Syrian civil war has turned into a regional proxy war. Syria + Iran + Russia vs Saudi Arabia + Israel + US.
The U.S. Backs out
- In 2019, the US announced to withdraw from Syria (in order to fulfil the US president’s electoral promise). However, this led to abandoning of Kurdish fighters in Syria, who were an American ally in the war against ISIS.
- This led to a decline in America's credibility amongst its allies.
Rise of Russia
- Syrian crisis was used by Russia to re-establish its credibility and legitimacy as a superpower in the region.
- The withdrawal of the US and Turkey's attack on Syria lead to further deterioration of relations between the US and Turkey and revision of ties between Turkey and Russia.
- With the US out of the picture, countries in the Middle East are looking towards Russia for bringing peace and stability in the region.
- Also, Russia, Iran and Syria axis will strengthen from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean sea.
Change in US's Policy in the region
- The US pursued the policy of regime change in Syria (through Arab Spring or post Arab spring Civil War).
- However, the US is changing its policy within the region-
○ The US only seeks partial troops withdrawal (not full withdrawal, similar to Afghanistan), as it wanted to establish military bases in the countries.
○ Thus, it is in the interest of the US to fragment Syria into small parts, that's why the US has abandoned Kurds.
Resurgence of ISIS
- Many of the ISIS terrorists were captured by Kurds after they defeated ISIS.
- However, Turkey's attack on Kurds may lead to freeing up of ISIS prisoners, that are held captive by the Kurds.
- Turkish annexation will be met with Kurdish Resistance which will further destabilize the region.
A credible mediator-india
● In the middle of all this chaos, India can act as a credible mediator, as India is a unique country having stable relations with all the countries engaged in the middle east conflict.
SOURCE : THE HINDU