International Labour Organisation

#GS2 #International #Organisations

After 35 years, India has assumed the Chairmanship of the Governing Body of International Labour Organisation, marking a new chapter in the 100 years of productive relationship between India and ILO.


About International Labour Organisation 

  • International Labour Organisation was established in the year 1919 by the Treaty of Versailles as an affiliated agency of the League of Nations.
  • It became the first affiliated specialised agency of the United Nations in 1946.
  • Its headquarters is located in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Objectives – It promotes internationally recognised human and labour rights. It aims promote and realise standards and fundamental principles and rights at work; create greater opportunities for women and men to secure decent employment; enhance the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all, and; strengthen tripartism and social dialogue.
  • It has received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969 for improving peace among classes, pursuing decent work and justice for workers, and providing technical assistance to other developing nations.


Governing Body 

  • It is the executive council of the ILO.
  • It meets three times a year in Geneva.
  • It takes policy decisions of ILO and establishes the programme and the budget, which it then submits to the Conference for adoption.
  • The work of the Governing Body and the Office is aided by tripartite committees covering major industries.
  • It is also supported by committees of experts on such matters as vocational training, management development, occupational safety and health, industrial relations, workers’ education, and special problems of women and young workers.
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