Indian Tsunami Early Warning System
#GS3 #Technology #DisasterManagement
The new Director of INCOIS has said that India is much safer against the threat of tsunamis than it was in 2004 due to the state-of-the-art tsunami early warning system established in the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS).
About Indian Tsunami Early Warning System
- The Indian Tsunami Early Warning System (ITEWS) was established in 2007 and is based at & operated by INCOIS, Hyderabad.
- It is an integrated effort of different organisations including the Department of Space (DOS), Department of Science and Technology (DST), the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Survey of India (SOI) and National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT).
- ITEWS comprises a real-time network of seismic stations, tide gauges and a 24X7 operational tsunami warning centre to detect tsunami-genic earthquakes, to monitor tsunamis and to provide timely advisories to vulnerable communities.
- Indian scientists can detect large undersea earthquakes in Indian Ocean in real-time and provide a tsunami warning in 10-20 minutes after the earthquake occurs.
- India is among the first few centres to introduce quantitative tsunami forecasts. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO (also known as UNESCO-IOC) accredited Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC) as Tsunami Service Provider (TSP) for 28 Indian Ocean Rim (IOR) countries, along with Indonesia and Australia in 2011, for issuing regional warnings.
About Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services
- Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) is an autonomous organisation of the Ministry of Earth Sciences, located in Pragathi Nagar, Hyderabad.
- ESSO-INCOIS was established as an autonomous body in 2007 under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and is a unit of the Earth System Science Organization (ESSO).
- ESSO- INCOIS is mandated to provide the best possible ocean information and advisory services to society, industry, government agencies and the scientific community through sustained ocean observations and constant improvements through systematic and focused research.