The Human Cost of Disasters 2000-2019
As per the ‘Human Cost of Disaster 2000-2019’ report released by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, climate change is largely to blame for a near doubling of natural disasters in the past 20 years.
Findings of the report
- The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction said 7,348 major disaster events had occurred between 2000 and 2019, claiming 1.23 million lives, affecting 4.2 billion people and costing the global economy some $2.97 trillion.
- The figure far outstrips the 4,212 major natural disasters recorded between 1980 and 1999.
- The sharp increase was largely attributable to a rise in climate-related disasters, including extreme weather events like floods, drought and storms, the report said.
- Extreme heat is proving especially deadly.
- The report did not touch on biological hazards and disease-related disasters like the coronavirus pandemic.
About UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction
- The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), created in December 1999, is the successor to the secretariat of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction.
- It was established to ensure the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction.
- It is part of the United Nations Secretariat and its functions span the social, economic, environmental as well as humanitarian fields.
- UNISDR supports the implementation, follow-up and review of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction adopted by the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction on 18th March 2015 in Sendai, Japan.
- Sendai Framework is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action. It is a voluntary and non-binding agreement which recognises that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government, the private sector and other stakeholders.