How is a law repealed (#GS II)

Context:

  • In his November 19 speech to the nation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the repeal of three problematic farm regulations, promising agricultural organisations opposing the laws that the parliamentary procedure to repeal them will be completed in the Parliament's next Winter Session.

What agricultural legislation were removed and why:

Here are a few of them:

  • The Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act of 2020, which proposes to allow agricultural produce trade outside of the present APMC mandis; Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020, which aims to provide a framework for contract farming; Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020, which aims to provide a framework for contract farming; Farmers (Empowerment and The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act of 2020, which aims to take cereals, legumes, and sugar from the list of essential commodities;

When a law is overturned, what does it mean?

  • Repealing a law is one technique of nullifying it. The statute is overturned when Parliament judges that it is no longer essential. A "sunset" clause in legislation can also specify a date after which it will no longer be valid.

How does the government repeal a statute:

  • The government has two options for repealing the laws: it can introduce a bill to repeal the three laws, or it can issue an ordinance that must be replaced with a bill within six months.
  • The Repealing and Amending Act, which gives Parliament the power to make laws, also gives it the power to repeal them.
  • The Act repealed 72 statutes when it was initially passed in 1950.
  • A law can be repealed completely, partially, or merely to the extent that it conflicts with other laws.

What are the stages in repealing a law:

  • Laws can be repealed in two ways: by ordinances or by legislation.
  • If an ordinance is used, it must be superseded by legislation passed by Parliament within six months.
  • If the ordinance fails owing to Parliament's failure to accept it, the repealed statute can be reintroduced.
  • The government can also initiate legislation to overturn farm rules, but it must be approved by both Houses of Parliament and the President before it takes effect.
  • All three farm laws could be repealed by a single piece of legislation.
  • For this aim, Repealing and Amendment Bills are usually introduced.

Preliminary Exam Hot-Link:

  • What are APMCs, exactly? What kind of government do they have?
  • A description of the Model Contract Farming Act in a few words.
  • The 2020 Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill permits price range fluctuation.
  • The stock limit restriction will not apply to under the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020?
  • Aspects of the bills that are relevant.

SOURCE: THE INDIANEXPRESS.

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