Graded Response Action Plan

#GS3 #Environment #Pollution 


The Supreme Court-appointed Environment Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority (EPCA) has directed the Delhi and National Capital Region (NCR) states to implement air pollution control measures listed under the “very poor” and “severe” category of Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP). 

  • These measures will come into force from October 15, 2020, to improve the air quality of the Delhi-NCR region. Here in this article, we have explained below what is GRAP plan to tackle air pollution and what measures are taken under several air quality levels under the action plan.
  • As per the directions given by the EPCA, the diesel generators will no longer be used in Delhi and NCR towns including Noida, Greater Noida, Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon, and others with effect from October 15. The generators will only be used for emergency and essential services.
  • Moreover, the Pollution control authorities will carry out the night patrolling to investigate dust, industrial emissions, and the burning of waste. The pollution monitoring body has also directed the authorities to undertake frequent sprinkling of water on roads. Let's now have a look at the details of the GRAP plan below:


What is the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP)?

  • The Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) was formulated in 2016 and was notified in the year 2017. The action plan was formed after several meetings conducted between EPCA and State Government representatives.
  • GRAP works as an emergency measure to tackle air pollution. This graded action plan is not supposed to be implemented throughout the year. It is implemented in a graded manner when the air quality moves from ‘Poor’ to ‘Very Poor’, 'Very poor' to 'severe' or others.
  • The GRAP requires the implementation of actions by respective state authorities and coordination among 13 agencies of Delhi, UP, Haryana, and Rajasthan.
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