Global Cybersecurity Index -India ranks among the top 10 in ITU’s
#GS3 #CYBER SECURITY
As per the ranking, India has moved up by 37 places to rank as the tenth best country in the world within the Global Cybersecurity Index 2020.
- The Global Cybersecurity Index 2020 launched by the International Telecommunication Union.
- India has moved up 37 places to rank as the tenth best country within the world on key cybersafety parameters.
- India scored a complete of 97.5 points from a possible maximum of 100 points, to form it to the tenth position worldwide in the GCI 2020.
- The affirmation by the UN body of India’s efforts on cybersecurity comes just before the sixth anniversary of Digital India on july 1.
- India is emerging as a worldwide IT superpower, asserting its digital sovereignty with firm measures to safeguard data privacy and therefore the online rights of citizens.
- The US topped the chart,
- The UK and Saudi Arabia tied on the second position and
- Estonia was ranked third in the index.
- India has also secured the fourth position in the Asia Pacific region, underlining its commitment to cybersecurity.
- GCI assessment is completed on the basis of performance on five parameters of cybersecurity including:
- Legal measures,
- Technical measures,
- Organisational measures,
- Capacity development, and
- The performance is then aggregated into an overall score.
- All the countries’ performance and commitment were assessed through a question-based online survey, which further allowed for the gathering of the supporting evidence.
International Telecommunication Union:
- It is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies – ICTs.
- Founded in 1865 to facilitate international connectivity in communications networks.
- It is Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
- It allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strives to enhance access to ICTs to underserved communities worldwide.
- Recently, India got elected as a member of the ITU Council for another 4-year term - from 2019 to 2022. India has remained an everyday member since 1952.
India’s Measures to strengthen Cybersecurity:
National Security Council- it's usually chaired by the National Security Adviser (NSA), and plays a key role in shaping India’s cyber policy ecosystem. it's the chief agency that's liable for advising the Prime Minister’s Office on problems with national security and strategic interest.
National Information Board- it's the apex body that's liable for coordination among the various ministries on cybersecurity policymaking.
National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC)- it had been established under the National Technical Research Organisation in January 2014 and mandated to facilitate the protection of critical information infrastructure in India.
National Cyber Security Coordinator- It advises the National security council Secretariat in overseeing and compliance of all the cyber security aspects including implementation of action plans in cyber security by the nodal agencies, evaluation and analysis of incidents, then forming incident response monitoring teams.
India’s Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-IN)- it's the nodal entity responding to varied cyber security threats like hacking and phishing to noncritical infrastructure. It provides Incident Prevention and Response Services also as Security Quality Management Services. It collects, analyses and disseminates information on cyber incidents, and also issues alerts on cybersecurity incidents.
- The Ministry of Defence has recently upgraded the Defence Information Assurance and Research Agency to determine the Defence Cyber Agency, a tri service command of the Indian armed forces to coordinate and control joint cyber operations, and craft India’s cyber doctrine.
- Ministry of Home Affairs oversees multiple “coordination centres” that specialise in law enforcement efforts to deal with cybercrime, espionage and terrorism.
- Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)- it's established to affect all kinds of cybercrimes during a comprehensive and coordinated manner.
National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal- it's a citizen centric initiative that permits citizens to report cybercrimes online and therefore the complaints are assessed by the concerned law enforcement agencies and actions are taken as per law.
National cyber security policy, 2013- it's aimed toward building secure and resilient cyberspace for citizens, businesses and therefore the government and features a mission to guard cyberspace information and infrastructure, build capabilities to stop and answer cyber attacks and minimise damages through coordinated efforts of institutional structures, people, processes and technology.
Cyber Swachhta Kendra (Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre)- it's a new desktop and mobile security solution for cyber security in India and was launched in 2017 by CERT-IN.
The Ministry of External Affairs coordinates India’s cyber diplomacy push — both bilaterally with other countries, and at international fora just like the United Nations and persuades initiatives of cyber security of the countries.