Germplasm collection 

#GS3 #Environment #Ecology #Biodiversity #Conservation 

  • The Uttarakhand government recently opened its largest germplasm collection of rare and endemic vegetation, put together by the Forest Research Centre of the forest department. 
  • Germ plasm are living genetic resources such as seeds or tissues that are maintained for the purpose of animal and plant breeding, preservation, and other research uses.  
  • These resources may take the form of seed collections stored in seed banks, trees growing in nurseries, animal breeding lines maintained in animal breeding programs or gene banks, etc.  
  • Uttarakhand's collection will be the third largest in India after the National Botanical Research Institute in Lucknow and the Botanical Survey of India in Kolkata.  
  • Unlike the Forest Research Centre, these two institutions have national mandate and larger resources and funding.   
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