Gaming Disorder

#GS2 #GS3 #Society #Health #Cybersecurity

Context

  • Gaming disorder increases during pandemic

Gaming Disorder

  • According to the WHO, gaming disorder is a pattern of gaming behavior characterized by impaired control over gaming, increasing priority given to playing the game over other activities to the extent that it takes precedence daily routines.
  • Gaming addictions can cause physical, social and emotional damage, impairing sleep, appetites, careers and social lives. 
  • According to National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences’ (NIMHANS) SHUT clinic or the Service for Healthy Use of Technology, 2 or 3 cases a week related to gaming disorder was common. But now about 15 cases per week are observed. Almost all of the patients are adolescents brought in by their parents.
  • The World Health Organization categorised gaming disorder as a mental health condition in 2018. 
  • China limited gamers under 18 years to just three hours of online games per week, during specified times, and made the industry responsible for enforcing the restriction. 

SHUT Clinic by NIMHANS

  • SHUT Clinic (short for Services for Healthy Use of Technology) is an internet de-addiction centre started by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences offering counselling to addicts to help them replace excessive technology usage with healthy activities.
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences is a medical institution. It is located in Bangalore, Karnataka. 
  • NIMHANS is the apex centre for mental health and neuroscience education in India. It operates autonomously.
  • The medical institution is capable of providing high standards of clinical care, quality training, and cutting-edge research in the field of mental health.
  • The Central Government declared NIMHANS a ‘Deemed University in 1994.
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