Foreign Ministers from the Group of 4 — India, Brazil, Japan and Germany — a group that is seeking permanent membership of the UN Security Council (UNSC), met recently to further their objective. The four countries stressed delivering concrete outcomes, in writing and within a time frame.
- The Ministers reaffirmed their common resolve to “finally take decisive steps towards the early and comprehensive reform of the Security Council that was envisaged by Heads of State and Government in the 2005 World Summit”.
- The G4 will work with “other reform-minded countries and groups” to start text-based negotiations (TBN) without delay and seek “concrete outcomes” during the 75th session of the UN General Assembly.
- G4 Ministers reiterated support for each other’s membership to the UNSC “given the capacity and willingness to take on major responsibilities with regard to the maintenance of international peace and security”.
- Africa needs to be represented in both the permanent and non-permanent categories of membership of a reformed and expanded Security Council to correct the historical injustice against this continent with regard to its under-representation in the Security Council,” the G4 countries said.
About G-4 countries
- The G4 was formed in the year 2004. The members of the G4 countries include – India, Brazil, Germany and Japan. All members support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council.
- Their economic and political influence has grown significantly in the last decades, reaching a scope comparable to the permanent members (P5)
- G4 campaigns for UN Reforms, including more representation for developing countries, both in the permanent and non-permanent categories in the UNSC.
- France supports inclusion of G4 and an African representative as permanent member with no objection to the veto power being extended to new permanent members. UK supports G4 as new members but without veto power.
- G4’s bids are often opposed by Uniting for Consensus movement or Coffee Club (ground 12 countries including Pakistan led by Italy) and particularly their economic competitors or political rivals.