Ebola outbreak in Guinea is over: WHO 

#GS3 #EPIDEMICS AND DISEASES

Context:

  • In its first deadly wave in 2013-2016, the Ebola outbreak killed 11,300 people in West Africa's Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
  • The second Ebola outbreak in Guinea is officially over, the World Health Organization announced on Saturday. The disease outbreak had erupted in the west African state on February 14.

Understanding about Ebola:

  • Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly referred to as Ebola hemorrhagic fever , may be a severe, often fatal illness in humans.
  • Transmission: The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads within the human population through human-to-human transmission.
  • The average EVD case morbidity is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.
  • Prevention: Community engagement is vital to successfully controlling outbreaks. Good outbreak control relies on case management, surveillance and make contact with tracing, a decent laboratory service and social mobilisation.
  • Treatment: Early supportive care with rehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survival. there's yet no licensed treatment proven to neutralise the virus but a variety of blood, immunological and drug therapies are under development.
Western African Ebola virus epidemic - Wikipedia

Vaccines:

  • An experimental Ebola vaccine, called rVSV-ZEBOV proved highly protective against EVD during a major trial in Guinea in 2015.
  • The rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine is getting used in the ongoing 2018-2019 Ebola outbreak in DRC. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should have access to the vaccine under an equivalent conditions as for the overall population.
  • The public mistrust and militia attacks have prevented physicians from reaching some hard-hit areas for administering the vaccines.
Ebola
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