Delimitation Commission 

#GS2 #POLITY #TERRITORY

Context:

  •  Recently, the Delimitation Commission held a gathering with the Associate Members from Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.Delimitation Commission 
  • The meeting was conducted to hunt suggestions or views on the method of delimitation in respect of Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Background:

  • The Delimitation Commission was constituted to delimit the constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir in accordance with the provisions of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019 and Delimitation Act, 2002.
  • After the bifurcation of J&K into two UTs the necessity to redraw the Assembly constituency boundaries has been felt .  

About delimitation:

  • Delimitation is that the act of redrawing boundaries of Lok Sabha and Assembly seats to represent changes in population.  
  • In this process, the amount of seats allocated to a state can also change.  
  • The objective is to provide equal representation for equal population segments, and a fair division of geographical areas, in order that no political party has an advantage.  
In pics: All you need to know about the delimitation process in Jammu &  Kashmir - cnbctv18.com
SOURCE: NEWS 18 

Constitutional provisions:

  • Article 82: It provides for the enactment of a Delimitation Act after every Census by the parliament.
  • Article 170: The States also get divided into territorial constituencies as per Delimitation Act after every Census.
  • The Union government sets up a Delimitation Commission once the Act is effective .
  • For this delimitation exercise, the population figures of the 2011 census shall be taken because the basis.

Composition:

Exercise administered by: Delimitation Commission or Boundary Commission.  

Composition: consistent with the Delimitation Commission Act, 2002, the Delimitation Commission appointed by the Centre has got to have three members:  

Chairperson: A serving or retired judge of the Supreme Court.

Ex-officio members: The Chief Election Commissioner or Election Commissioner nominated by the CEC and therefore the State Election Commissioner.

The orders of the commission:

  • Have the force of law and that they can't be challenged before any court.
  • Enforcement of commission’s order is undertaken as per the date specified by the President of India.  
  • The copies of those orders are laid before the Lok Sabha or the concerned legislature and no modifications are permitted.

 

SOURCE : THE HINDU 

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