#GS2 #POLITY #TERRITORY
- Recently, the Delimitation Commission held a gathering with the Associate Members from Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.Delimitation Commission
- The meeting was conducted to hunt suggestions or views on the method of delimitation in respect of Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
- The Delimitation Commission was constituted to delimit the constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir in accordance with the provisions of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019 and Delimitation Act, 2002.
- After the bifurcation of J&K into two UTs the necessity to redraw the Assembly constituency boundaries has been felt .
- Delimitation is that the act of redrawing boundaries of Lok Sabha and Assembly seats to represent changes in population.
- In this process, the amount of seats allocated to a state can also change.
- The objective is to provide equal representation for equal population segments, and a fair division of geographical areas, in order that no political party has an advantage.
- Article 82: It provides for the enactment of a Delimitation Act after every Census by the parliament.
- Article 170: The States also get divided into territorial constituencies as per Delimitation Act after every Census.
- The Union government sets up a Delimitation Commission once the Act is effective .
- For this delimitation exercise, the population figures of the 2011 census shall be taken because the basis.
Exercise administered by: Delimitation Commission or Boundary Commission.
Composition: consistent with the Delimitation Commission Act, 2002, the Delimitation Commission appointed by the Centre has got to have three members:
Chairperson: A serving or retired judge of the Supreme Court.
Ex-officio members: The Chief Election Commissioner or Election Commissioner nominated by the CEC and therefore the State Election Commissioner.
The orders of the commission:
- Have the force of law and that they can't be challenged before any court.
- Enforcement of commission’s order is undertaken as per the date specified by the President of India.
- The copies of those orders are laid before the Lok Sabha or the concerned legislature and no modifications are permitted.
SOURCE : THE HINDU