Defence ministry approved 33 new fighter jets worth 38,900 crores from Russia 

#GS3 #Defence&Security 

  • 21 MiG-29 fighter jets Will be brought and 59 will be upgraded. 
  • 12 sukhoi-30 MKI missiles will be built up by HAL 
  • Pinaka an Indigenously developed all weather,  indirect fire,  free flight hey artillery rocket system will be  developed 
  • Astra which is an air to air missile will also be developed. 

Air to Air Missile : 

  • Air to Air Missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft or any airborne object. 
  • AAM is broadly classified into 2 types depending on the range factor of the missile. 
  1. Short Range Air to Air Missile (SRAAM) or Within Visual Range Air to Air Missile (WVRAAM) – These Missiles are designed to engage aerial targets within a range of 30 km. Most of these missiles use infrared guidance and are called heat-seeking missiles. These missiles are designed for better agility, hence they are also called dogfight missiles. 
  2. Beyond Visual Range Air to Air Missile (BVRAAM) – These missiles can hit targets beyond the range of 37 Km. These are radar-guided missiles. They don’t use infrared detector since the infrared signatures of aerial targets would be too weak at long ranges. 

Astra 

  • Astra is the Beyond Visual Range Air to Air Missile (BVRAAM) developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation). It can engage aerial targets at a range of 80 km – 110 km. It has been integrated with Sukhoi 30 Mki, Mirage 2000, LCA, MiG-29 fighter aircraft. 

Pinaka 

  • Pinaka is an indigenous multi-barrel rocket launch system, which has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the Indian Army. 
  • Its weapon system has a state-of-the-art guidance kit bolstered by an advanced navigation and control system. 
  • The Pinaka Mark II Rocket is modified as a missile by integrating with the navigation, control and guidance system to improve the accuracy and enhance the range. 
  • The navigation system of the missile is aided by the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). 
  • It is an artillery missile system capable of striking into enemy territory up to a range of 75 kilometres with high precision. 
  • The initial version of weapon system was called Mark I, which had a range of 40 km. The upgraded version or Pinaka Mark II has an extended range of 70 to 80 km. 
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