‘About 52% adults not clear on defences against cybercrime’

#GS3 #CYBER SECURITY

Context 

  • The lack of awareness or information on cybersecurity and cybercrime Indian adults are facing the issues of data breach and psychological problems. Thus About 52% of adults admitted that they do not know how to protect themselves from cybercrime.
  • 59% of the adults in India had become victims of cybercrime in the past 12 months. 

Report on 2021 Norton Cyber Safety Insights 

  • The ‘2021 Norton Cyber Safety Insights Report,’ based on the research conducted online by The Harris Poll among 10,030 adults in 10 countries, including 1,000 adults in India, also found that cybercrime victims collectively spent 1.3 billion hours trying to resolve these issues. 
  • In a year of lockdowns and restrictions, cybercriminals have not been deterred. More Indian adults fell victim to identity theft in the past 12 months and most are concerned about data privacy. 
  • While the report suggested that many Indian consumers (90%) were taking proactive steps to safeguard their data, 2 in 5 still felt it was impossible to protect their privacy (42%) in this age or say they don’t know how to do so (42%). 
  • As per the research 7 in 10 Indian adults (70%) believe that remote work has made it much easier for hackers and cybercriminals to take advantage of people. Around half (52%) say they do not know how to protect themselves from cybercrime, and even more (68%) say it is difficult for them to determine if the information they see online is from a credible source. 

BIASA BASICS 

Rising Cybercrimes 

In November 2020, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has written to all States to examine and register First Information Reports (FIRs) based on the complaints received on National Cybercrime Reporting Portal (www.cybercrime.gov.in). 

Key Points 

  •  Low Conversion Rates: As per Ministry of Home Affairs, only 2.5% of total complaints registered on the portal are converted into FIRs. 
  • Cyber Crime Volunteers: Through the portal, the Government seeks to promote Cyber Crime Volunteers for identifying, reporting and removal of illegal/unlawful online content. 
  •  Increase in Cases: According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of registered cyber crimes increased by 63.5% in the year 2019 compared to 2018. 
Cybercrime Module 8 Key Issues: Cybersecurity Strategies - Basic Features
SOURCE: UNODF 

Benefits 

  •  Help in curbing rising cyber frauds, cyberbullying, child pornography etc. 
  •  In consonance with the Digital India drive of the government as with rising digital footprint cyber crimes are bound to rise. 
  •  Massive Digitalisation in the post-covid world in the sectors of education, health, etc highlights the importance of cyber governance initiatives such as this. 

Recent Initiatives to Tackle Cybercrime 

  •  Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C): The I4C will assist in centralising cyber security investigations, prioritise the development of response tools and bring together private companies to contain the menace. 
  • Draft Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018 (based on the recommendation of Justice BN Srikrishna Committee) to secure citizen's data. 
  • Cyber Swachhta Kendra: The "Cyber Swachhta Kendra" (Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre) is a part of the Government of India's Digital India initiative under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). 
  •  Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-IN): It is an organisation of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India, with the objective of securing Indian cyberspace. It is the nodal agency which deals with cybersecurity threats like hacking and phishing. 

National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal 

  • Launched in 2019, it is a citizen-centric initiative enabling citizens to report cybercrimes online. 
  • The portal specifically focuses on crimes against women, children, particularly child pornography, child sex abuse material, online content pertaining to rapes/gang rapes, etc. 
  • It also focuses on crimes like financial crime and social media related crimes like stalking, cyberbullying, etc. 
  • It will improve the capacity of law enforcement agencies to investigate the cases after successful completion by improving coordination amongst the law enforcement agencies of different States, districts and police stations. 

Budapest Convention 

  •  The Council of Europe’s (CoE) Cybercrime Convention, also known as the Budapest Convention is the sole legally binding international multilateral treaty on cybercrime. 
  • It coordinates cybercrime investigations between nation-states and criminalizes certain cybercrime conduct. 
  •  It was open for signature in 2001 and came into force in 2004. 
  • The Budapest Convention is supplemented by a Protocol on Xenophobia and Racism committed through computer systems. 
  • India is not a party to it. India recently voted in favour of a Russian-led UN resolution to set up a separate convention. 
  • The resolution seeks to set up new cyber norms considered as a counter alternative to the US backed Budapest Accord. 

SOURCE : THE HINDU 

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