ORGANISATION FOR THE PROHIBITION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS (OPCW)
The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) has for the first time explicitly blamed Syria for toxic attacks, saying President Bashar al-Assad's air force used the nerve gas sarin and chlorine three times in 2017.
- OPCW is an intergovernmental organisation and the implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force in 1997.
- It oversees the global endeavour to permanently and verifiably eliminate chemical weapons.
- Established in 1997 and Headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands.
- 193 States committed to the Chemical Weapons Convention (All states party to the CWC are automatically members. 4 UN Member States are non-members: Egypt, Israel, North Korea and South Sudan. Of these Israel signed CWC but didn’t ratified it, rest 3 are non-signatories).
- 98% of the global population live under the protection of the Convention.
- 97% of the chemical weapons stockpiles declared by possessor States have been verifiably destroyed
Nobel Peace Prize: The organisation was awarded the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize "for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons with most recent being in Syria civil war".
The OPCW–The Hague Award: It is an annual award founded by the OPCW as a result of their being presented with the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize. The Award honours individuals and institutions that have significantly contributed towards the goal of a world free of chemical weapons.