Constitutional Provisions regarding sessions of Parliament (#GS II)

Why in the news?

  • The Indian Parliament's Winter Session is scheduled to begin on November 29, 2021.
  • This session is crucial since India's Prime Minister recently indicated that the country's three farm laws will be abolished during the winter session of Parliament.

Information on Parliamentary Sessions:

  • Article 85 of the Constitution lays out the procedure for summoning Parliament.
  • The government has the power to call a Parliamentary session. The decision is made by the Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs, which is then ratified by the President, in whose name MPs are called for to a meeting.
  • By convention, Parliament meets three times a year (rather than by the Constitution).
  • The Budget Session (1st session), which lasts from late January to late April or the first week of May, is the longest. The meeting has been adjourned so that Parliamentary Committees can discuss the budget proposals.
  • The second session is the three-week Monsoon Session, which usually begins in July and finishes in August.
  • The Winter Session (3rd session) runs from November through December.
  • Summoning of Parliament: Summoning is the practise of summoning all members of Parliament to a meeting. The President summons each House of Parliament on occasion. The interval within two Parliamentary sessions cannot be longer than six months, suggesting that Parliament meets at least twice a year.
  • Adjournment: Whenever the House adjourns, the current session ends and the new session begins at the time designated for the next session.
  • The time delay can be specified in hours, days, or weeks.
  • When a meeting is called to an end without a definite time or date for the next meeting, it is known as adjournment sine die.
  • Prorogation: A prorogation signals the end of a meeting and marks the end of a session. The interval between Prorogation and Reassembly is known as Recess.
  • Prorogation refers to the end of the session rather than the dissolution of the house (in case of Lok Sabha, as Rajya Sabha does not dissolve).
  • Quorum: The quorum is the minimum number of members required to perform a meeting of the house.
  • The Constitution states a quorum of one-tenth of the total membership for both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
  • In order to have a Lok Sabha session, at least 55 members must be present, while a Rajya Sabha session requires at least 25 members.

Source : THE HINDU. 

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