The Conference of the Parties

#GS3 #Environment

Context

  • India is yet to announce a pledge to reduce emissions to “net zero” (carbon-neutral) by 2050 to limit the global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. 
  • The next COP26 summit is happening in the U.K.  
  • The Indian government made it clear that at present, it does not consider the “net zero” goal its only priority. 

The Conference of the Parties (COP):

  • Ultimate decision-making body of UNFCCC.
  • Meets yearly. The COP will meet in Bonn, the seat of the secretariat unless a Party offers to host the session.
  • The office of the COP President usually rotates among the five United Nations regional groups: Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Central and Eastern Europe and Western Europe and Others.
  • Usually, the environment minister of the home country becomes the President. 

UNFCCC

  • The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was signed in 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. 
  • This Conference is also called Earth Summit, the Rio Summit or the Rio Conference.
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