Community farming

#GS3 #AGRICULTURE #ENVIRONMENT

The Forest Department has launched a pilot project to encourage community farming and help augment farm income of local villagers on the outskirts of M.M. Hills Wildlife Sanctuary.

The concept entails providing incentives to beneficiaries to cultivate vegetables and add value to the agricultural products for which the department will network with buyers.

M.M. Hills Wildlife Sanctuary.

 

No chemical fertilizers

  • The farmers have been instructed not to use chemical fertilizers and pesticides and instead harness cattle dung that is available in plenty but which used to go underutilised. 
  • The dung will serve as manure and the idea is to go organic or take up natural farming. The ban on use of insecticides and pesticides will reduce the cost of cultivation.
  • A portion of the land will be developed as a grassland so as to ensure fodder for the cows.

 

Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary 

  • Also known as Male Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected Wildlife sanctuary in the Eastern Ghats and is located in the state of Karnataka in India. 
  • It is named after the presiding deity "Lord Male Mahadeshwara" of the famed Male Mahadeshwara Hills Temple located within the sanctuary. 
  • The sanctuary is part of a contiguous tiger habitat, located very close to the tri-junction of the states of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu
  • The sanctuary has Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary (Karnataka) to its North and East, Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) to its South and Biligirirangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve (Karnataka) to its West.
  • The predominant forest type of the sanctuary is dry and moist deciduous forests. As per research reports published, Lantana has invaded substantial areas around Malai Mahadeshwara Hills.
  • Indian Elephant is found in good numbers within the sanctuary. After the creation of the sanctuary in 2013, the tiger population has been steadily increasing
  • Based on the research by the forest department and scientists to monitor the population of tiger and leopards and increased tiger sightings, environmentalists have highlighted the need to ensure better protection to tigers, by declaring the sanctuary along with Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary as a tiger reserve
  • Kollegal ground gecko was discovered in this region in 2013. The sanctuary also has other fauna like gaur, wild boarleoparddholespotted deer, barking deer, sambar, four-horned antelope, black-naped hare, chevrotain, common langur, bonnet macaque, honey badger.
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