ISRO’s maiden mission to the Moon (Chandrayaan-1) has sent images which show that Moon may be rusting along the poles.
- The sign of this finding is that even though the surface of the Moon is known to have iron – rich rocks, it is not known for the presence of water and oxygen, which are the two elements needed to interact with iron to create rust.
- Scientists at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) say that this could be because the Earth’s own atmosphere is lending a helping hand which, in other words, means that the Earth’s atmosphere could be protecting the Moon as well.
- Thus, the Chandrayaan-1 Moon data indicates that the Moon’s poles are home to water, this is what the scientists are trying to decipher.
- Chandrayaan-1 is the India’s first lunar probe which was launched in October, 2008.
- ISRO lost communication with Chandrayaan-1 in August 2009.
- The spacecraft is a very small cube which is about 1.5 meters on each side i.e about half the size of a smart car.
- The interplanetary radar has been used to observe small asteroids several million miles from Earth.
- Chandrayaan-1 provided evidence of lunar caves formed by an ancient lunar lava flow.
- Among its many achievements was the discovery of widespread presence of water molecules in lunar soil.