Maoists release CRPF commando

#GS3 Internal Security


News info:

  • The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) commando abducted by Maoists after the April 3 encounter at Tarrem in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma was released on Thursday.
  • On the request of the Chhattisgarh police, social activists Dharampal Saini, 91, Tellam Boraiah and seven journalists secured the release.

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is the premier central police force of the Union of India for internal security. Originally constituted as the Crown Representative Police in 1939, it is one of the oldest Central para military forces (now termed as Central Armed Police Force). 

CRPF was raised as a sequel to the political unrest and the agitations in the then princely States of India following the Madras Resolution of the All-India Congress Committee in 1936 and the ever-growing desire of the Crown Representative to help the vast majority of the native States to preserve law and order as a part of the imperial policy.

Central Reserve Police Force by an Act of Parliament
  • After Independence, the force was renamed as Central Reserve Police Force by an Act of Parliament on December 28, 1949. 
  • This Act constituted CRPF as an armed force of the Union. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, the then Home Minister, visualized a multi-dimensional role for it in tune with the changing needs of a newly independent nation.
  • CRPF is the largest CAPF.
  • CRPF has a national character and composition; it is known as Miniature India.

One Border, One Force

  • After the Kargil war, a high-level committee was constituted by the Govt. of India who emphasized that the multiplicity of forces on the same border has also led to a lack of accountability on the parts of the forces. 
  • To enforce accountability, the principle of 'One Border One Force' may be adopted while considering deployment of Forces at the border.

Accordingly, 

  1. the Indo-Pakistan border and Indo-Bangladesh border given to BSF; 
  2. the Indo-Myanmar border given to Assam Rifles; 
  3. the Indo-Nepal border is given to SSB; 
  4. and the Indo-Chinese border was given to ITBP. 
  • Each of these forces has also been designated as the lead intelligence agency for that particular border for sharing with the other paramilitary forces and the Army which may be in the hinterland and being able to coordinate all the operations. 
  • As a part of this exercise, it has also been decided that CRPF will be the major force that would be dealing with counter-insurgency or internal security operations all over the country.

 

Source: The Hindu

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