Bru-Reang Agreement 

#GS1 #Society #Tribes 

Recently, three organisations representing the Bru community displaced from Mizoram have rejected the sites proposed by the Joint Movement Committee (JMC), an umbrella group of non-Brus in Tripura, for their resettlement. 

What is the issue? 

  • The JMC comprising the Bengali, Mizo, Buddhist Barua and other communities had on July 21 submitted a memorandum to the Tripura government specifying six places in Kanchanpur and Panisagar subdivisions of North Tripura district for the resettlement of the Brus who fled ethnic violence in Mizoram since 1997. The JMC also proposed settling 500 families at most in these places. 
  • Bru organisations have said that the inclusion of four JMC members in the monitoring team for the settlement of Bru internally-displaced people is not applicable since they are not having no connection or involvement in the issue of either repatriation to Mizoram or resettlement in Tripura during the last 23 years. Moreover, they have also opposed the prime constituents of the JMC in site selection because they are not a part of either the quadrilateral agreement (with the Government of India) or signatory to it. 
  • The quadrilateral agreement was signed among the Bru groups, the Centre and the State governments of Mizoram and Tripura in New Delhi in January this year. 

What was proposed now? 

  • The three refugee groups insisted on resettling some 6,500 families in clusters of at least 500 families at each of the sites of their choice —seven in North Tripura district and five in the adjoining Dhalai district. 
  • The sites proposed by the JMC are said to be unconnected by road and electricity and too far from hospitals, schools and other facilities. 
  • The Bru groups also demanded the arrest of the JMC leaders for “abusive, derogatory and inflammatory statements” against the Bru community. 

About the Bru-Reang agreement  

  • In 1997, about 30,000 Bru-Reang tribals fled from Mizoram and took shelter in Tripura’s refugee camps. These refugees were said to have fled from Mizoram due to ethnic tension. Before the agreement, these people were living in temporary shelters at Kanchanpur, in North Tripura. 
  • To end the 23-year old Bru-Reang refugee crisis, an agreement was signed in January 2020 which is known as Bru-Reang agreement. The Bru-Reang agreement was signed between the Government of India, presided by the Union Home Minister, Governments of Tripura and Mizoram and Bru-Reang representatives on 17 January, 2020. 

According to Bru-Reang Refugee agreement  

  • After the agreement about 34,000 Bru refugees will be settled in Tripura. 
  • Centre will provide help to these tribes for their all-round development and for this around Rs 600 crores were sanctioned. 
  • These tribes would get all the rights that normal residents of the State get and would be able to enjoy the benefits of social welfare schemes for Centre and State governments. 
  • Each displaced family would be given 40X30 sq.ft. residential plots. 
  • For 2 years, they will be given the aid of Rs 5000 per month, free ration for 2 years and about Rs 1.5 lakh aid to build their house. 
  • Under this agreement, the Tripura Government would provide the land. 
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