BRICS seeks ‘inclusive’ intra-Afghan dialogue
- The 13th BRICS summit was held virtually. In the summit, the leaders called for an “inclusive intra-Afghan dialogue” for stability in Afghanistan.
- The virtual summit was chaired by Indian Prime Minister.
- The summit discussions were dominated by the developments in Afghanistan.
- BRICS also adopted a Counter Terrorism Action Plan. This includes the agreement on Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation between space agencies of the member countries.
- The New Delhi Declaration document called for resolving the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan. It highlighted the need to uphold rights of women, children and minorities.
- Since two of the BRICS members (Russia and China) still have diplomatic presence in Kabul, it is a good opportunity to discuss on Afghan issue.
- It has to be noted that BRICS countries are divided on engagement with the Taliban as Russia and China have adopted a proactive policy towards Taliban.
13th BRICS Summit
- Theme: [email protected]: Intra-BRICS cooperation for continuity, consolidation and consensus
- Priority areas by India:
- Reform of the Multilateral System
- Counter Terrorism
- Using Digital and Technological Tools for achieving SDGs
- Enhancing People to People exchanges.
- The term 'BRICS' is an acronym for five countries - Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa.
- They are five emerging economies of the world with more than 40% of the global population and with 25% of the global GDP.
- The first BRIC summit happened in 2009 in Yekaterinburg (Russia).
- South Africa joined the association making it BRICS from BRIC in 2010.
- The New Development Bank is a multilateral development institutions established under the purview of BRICS. Its headquarters is located in Shanghai, China.