AUSTRALIAN NAVY SHIP BALLARAT VISITS GOA
#GS3 #SCIENCE&TECHNOLOGY #GS2 #INTERNATIONALRELATIONS
Australian Navy Ship HMAS Ballarat, a frigate, made a port call at Mormugao Port, Goa on 10 Nov 20.
After completing Phase I of quadrilateral Naval Exercise Malabar at Bay of Bengal, HMAS Ballarat is proceeding to participate in Phase II of the exercise in Arabian Sea.
- HMAS Ballarat (FFH 155) is an Anzac-class frigate of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).
- The frigate was laid down in 2000 and commissioned into the RAN in mid-2004. Since entering service, Ballarat has been involved in border protection as part of Operation Relex II, was deployed to the Gulf for Operation Catalyst, and was one of the two ships involved in the Operation Northern Trident 2009 round-the-world voyage.
- Ballarat has undergone the Anti-Ship Missile Defence (ASMD) upgrade, completing in 2015.
- The Anzac class originated from RAN plans to replace the six River-class destroyer escorts with a mid-capability patrol frigate.
- The Australian shipbuilding industry was thought to be incapable of warship design, so the RAN decided to take a proven foreign design and modify it.
- Around the same time, the Royal New Zealand Navy (RNZN) was looking to replace four Leander-class frigates; a deterioration in New Zealand-United States relations, the need to improve alliances with nearby nations, and the commonalities between the RAN and RNZN ships' requirements led the two nations to begin collaborating on the acquisition in 1987.
- Tenders were requested by the Anzac Ship Project at the end of 1986, with 12 ship designs (including an airship) submitted.
- In 1989, the Australian government announced that Melbourne-based shipbuilder AMECON (which became Tenix Defense) would build the modified MEKO 200 design.
- The Australians ordered eight ships, while New Zealand ordered two, with an unexercised option for two more.