Assam’s 7th National Park-Dihing Patkai 

#GS3 #NATIONAL PARK IN NEWS 

News info:

The government notified Dihing Patkai as a park , four days after creating the 422-sq. km Raimona park in western Assam’s Kokrajhar district.

Important Points:

  • The “last remaining stretches” of the Assam Valley tropical wet evergreen forests became Assam’s seventh park .
  • The five older National Parks within the State are Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri, Orang and Dibru-Saikhowa.
  • Kaziranga and Manas are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.  
  • They are also tiger reserves along side Nameri and Orang.
  • The 234.26-sq. km Dihing Patkai straddling eastern Assam’s Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts.
  • It is a significant elephant habitat and 310 species of butterflies are recorded there.
  • The park has 47 species each of reptiles and mammals, including the tiger and clouded leopard.
  • The forest village area diverted under the Forest Conservation Act has been excluded.
  • Short stretches of the Dirak and Buri Dihing rivers are included within the park.

Illegal coal mining within the area:

  • Dihing Patkai, focussed a year ago for illegal coal mining within the vicinity.
  • It encompasses:  
  • The erstwhile Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary,  
  • The Jeypore Reserve Forest and  
  • The western block of the Upper Dihing Reserve Forest.

BIASA BASICS 

National Park:

  • They are the areas that are set by the govt to conserve the natural environment.
  • A national park has more restrictions as compared to a wildlife sanctuary.
  • Their boundaries are fixed and defined.
  • The main objective of a park is to guard the natural environment of the realm and biodiversity conservation.

what's allowed and what's not allowed inside National Parks:

  • Here, no human action is allowed.
  • Grazing of livestock and private tenurial rights aren't permitted here.
  • Species mentioned within the Schedules of the Wildlife Act aren't allowed to be hunted or captured.
  • No person shall destroy, remove, or exploit any wildlife from a park or destroy or damage the habitat of any wild animal or deprive any wild animal of its habitat within a park .
  • They cannot be downgraded to the status of a ‘sanctuary’.

Declaration of National Parks:

National parks are often declared both by the Central Government and State governments.  

No alteration of the boundaries of a park shall be made except on a resolution gone by the State Legislature.

 

SOURCE: THE HINDU 

Print Friendly and PDF
blog comments powered by Disqus