Assam’s 7th National Park-Dihing Patkai
#GS3 #NATIONAL PARK IN NEWS
The government notified Dihing Patkai as a park , four days after creating the 422-sq. km Raimona park in western Assam’s Kokrajhar district.
- The “last remaining stretches” of the Assam Valley tropical wet evergreen forests became Assam’s seventh park .
- The five older National Parks within the State are Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri, Orang and Dibru-Saikhowa.
- Kaziranga and Manas are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- They are also tiger reserves along side Nameri and Orang.
- The 234.26-sq. km Dihing Patkai straddling eastern Assam’s Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts.
- It is a significant elephant habitat and 310 species of butterflies are recorded there.
- The park has 47 species each of reptiles and mammals, including the tiger and clouded leopard.
- The forest village area diverted under the Forest Conservation Act has been excluded.
- Short stretches of the Dirak and Buri Dihing rivers are included within the park.
Illegal coal mining within the area:
- Dihing Patkai, focussed a year ago for illegal coal mining within the vicinity.
- It encompasses:
- The erstwhile Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary,
- The Jeypore Reserve Forest and
- The western block of the Upper Dihing Reserve Forest.
- They are the areas that are set by the govt to conserve the natural environment.
- A national park has more restrictions as compared to a wildlife sanctuary.
- Their boundaries are fixed and defined.
- The main objective of a park is to guard the natural environment of the realm and biodiversity conservation.
what's allowed and what's not allowed inside National Parks:
- Here, no human action is allowed.
- Grazing of livestock and private tenurial rights aren't permitted here.
- Species mentioned within the Schedules of the Wildlife Act aren't allowed to be hunted or captured.
- No person shall destroy, remove, or exploit any wildlife from a park or destroy or damage the habitat of any wild animal or deprive any wild animal of its habitat within a park .
- They cannot be downgraded to the status of a ‘sanctuary’.
Declaration of National Parks:
National parks are often declared both by the Central Government and State governments.
No alteration of the boundaries of a park shall be made except on a resolution gone by the State Legislature.
SOURCE: THE HINDU