The Assam government extended the ‘Disturbed Area’ status of the State for another six months under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act.
The Armed Forces Special Powers Act was enforced in 1958.
The Act was first introduced to bring in control the increasing violence in the North-eastern States.
Under AFSPA, armed forces has the authority to maintain public order in “disturbed areas”.
Armed forces can prohibit a gathering of 5 or more persons in an area.
They can use force or even open fire after giving due warning if they feel a person is in contravention of the law.
The army also has the power to arrest a person under suspicion without a warrant.
They can also enter or search premises without a warrant; and ban the possession of firearms.
AFSPA provides the security personnel with absolute powers without being accounted for. This results in atrocities and human rights violations by the security agencies.
AFSPA violates international human rights conventions like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), and the Convention against Torture( India is a signatory, but it has not ratified it).