Appropriation Bill.

#GS-2 #POLITY 

Context 

  • The Bill was passed after Speaker put it through guillotine, a legislative mechanism to approve the fast-tracking of the passage of outstanding demands for grants without discussion. 
  • The Lok Sabha cleared the Appropriation Bill, allowing the Central government to draw funds from the Consolidated Fund of India for its operational requirements and implementation of various programmes. 

Discussions made on demand grants 

  • Since few days,the Lok Sabha discussed the demands for grants for Railway, Education and Health Ministries.26 members of the House participated in a debate on the Demand for Grants under the Health Ministry. 
  • Responding to the concerns raised by several members that the proposed allocations for various other departments such as water, sanitation, nutrition, Ayush and health research, had also been subsumed, Health minister said the Centre had adopted a holistic approach towards health and well-being since day one. 
  • If the government ensured safe drinking water, sanitation and made arrangements for nutrition to children, it would take care of a majority of health issues. 
  • During the pandemic, the country achieved self-reliance in the production of PPTs, N-95 masks, diagnostic kits, ventilators and allied articles. 
  • On the criticism about slow pace of inoculation, the minister said the day India had recorded three million vaccinations, eight million were vaccinated in the entire world. India‟s share was about 36%. 

BIASA BASICS

Appropriation Bill 

  • Appropriation Bill is a money bill that allows the government to withdraw funds from the Consolidated Fund of India to meet its expenses during the course of a financial year. 
  • As per article 114 of the Constitution, the government can withdraw money from the Consolidated Fund only after receiving approval from Parliament. 
  • To put it simply, the Finance Bill contains provisions on financing the expenditure of the government, and Appropriation Bill specifies the quantum and purpose for withdrawing money.

Outline Of The Procedure Followed. 

  • The government introduces the Appropriation Bill in the lower house of Parliament after discussions on Budget proposals and Voting on Demand for Grants. 
  • The Appropriation Bill is first passed by the Lok Sabha and then sent to the Rajya Sabha. 
  • The Rajya Sabha has the power to recommend any amendments in this Bill. However, it is the prerogative of the Lok Sabha to either accept or reject the recommendations made by the upper house of Parliament. 
  • The unique feature of the Appropriation Bill is its automatic repeal clause, whereby the Act gets repealed by itself after it meets its statutory purpose. 

What happens when the bill is defeated? 

  • Since India subscribes to the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy, the defeat of an Appropriation Bill (and also the Finance Bill) in a parliamentary vote would necessitate resignation of a government or a general election. 
  • This has never happened in India till date, though.

Scope of discussion 

  • The scope of discussion is limited to matters of public importance or administrative policy implied in the grants covered by the Bill and which have not already been raised during the discussion on demands for grants. 
  • The Speaker may require members desiring to take part in the discussion to give advance intimation of the specific points they intend to raise and may withhold permission for raising such of the points as in his opinion appear to be repetition of the matters discussed on a demand for grant. 

Amendments took forward.

  • No amendment can be proposed to an Appropriation Bill which will have the effect of varying the amount or altering the destination of any grant so made or of varying the amount of any expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India, and the decision of the Speaker as to whether such an amendment is admissible is final.
  • An amendment to an Appropriation Bill for omission of a demand voted by the House is out of order. 
  • In other respects, the procedure in respect of an Appropriation Bill is the same as in respect of other Money Bills. 

 

Know the difference between Interim Budget and Vote-on-account- The New  Indian Express

 

 

Print Friendly and PDF
blog comments powered by Disqus