Appeal to ramp up anganwadi services

#GS2 #CHILDWELFARE

  • The government must make efforts to ramp up services offered at anganwadis to make up for lost time.
  • Provision of essential services such as Growth Monitoring Referral, and supplementary nutrition, etc. to ensure the health and well-being of the pregnant ladies, lactating mothers and children below five years is most important. 
  • Anganwadi is a type of rural child care centre in India.
  • They were started by the Indian government in 1975 as part of the Integrated Child Development Services program to combat child hunger and malnutrition
  • Anganwadi means "courtyard shelter" in Hindi and other Indian language.
  • A typical Anganwadi center provides basic health care in a village. 
  • It is a part of the Indian public health care system. Basic health care activities include contraceptive counseling and supply, nutrition education and supplementation, as well as pre-school activities. 
  • The centres may be used as depots for oral rehydration salts, basic medicines and contraceptives. 
  • As of 31 January 2013, as many as 13.3 lakh (a lakh is 100,000) Anganwadi and mini-Anganwadi centres (AWCs/mini-AWCs) are operational out of 13.7 lakh sanctioned AWCs/mini-AWCs. 
  • These centres provide supplementary nutrition, non-formal pre-school education, nutrition, and health education, immunization, health check-up and referral services of which the last three are provided in convergence with public health systems.
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