Anamalai tribes

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  • Residents of two tribal settlements within the limits of the Anamalai Tiger Reserve (ATR), around 100 km from Coimbatore city, were gearing up for the annual festival of their local deity, Vairapattan, on Thursday.
  • The Kattupatti and Kuzhipatti settlements of the Pulayar community, together with having 150 families, have barely heard of COVID-19. But residents are aware that people living outside the forests, especially in cities, have been affected by a disease called “corona”.
  • Though the tribal families live a secluded life, the fear of the pandemic has gripped them, too

Pulayar

  • The Pulayar, also Pulaya, or Pulayas or Holeya or Cheraman is one of the main Dalit social groups in modern-day Kerala and Karnataka as well as in historical Tamil Nadu or Tamilakam. 
  • Pulayars are noted for their music, craftsmanship, and for certain dances which include Kōlam-thullal, a mask dance which is part of their exorcism rituals, as well as the Mudi-āttam or hair-dance which has its origins in a fertility ritual. 

Anamalai Tiger Reserve

  • One of the four Tiger Reserves in Tamil Nadu: Mudumalai, Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserves, and Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary are the other three.
  • It is located in the Western Ghats range of southwest India. It is designated as one of the 25 Global Biodiversity Hotspots.
  • Important Fauna: Elephant, gaur, tiger, panther, sloth bear, wild boar, wild dog, Nilgiri langur, lion-tailed macaque, sambar, four-horned antelope, chital, the trogar, pied hornbill, and several eagles.
  • The Tiger Reserve supports diverse habitat types like Wet evergreen forests, semi-evergreen forests, moist deciduous, dry deciduous, dry thorn, and shola forests. Other unique habitats like montane grasslands, savannah, and marshy grasslands are also present.
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