India-Australia cooperation and collaboration in the field of Agriculture

#GS2 #IR #AGRICULTURE #SCIENCE 

Context:

Recently, the frequent engagement on agriculture between India and Australia has been acknowledged during a virtual meeting held between the Agricultural Ministers of both countries.

Important Highlights

  • The collaboration in agriculture may be a part of the great Strategic Partnership announced by both nations in their Virtual Summit of June 2020.
  • The India-Australia Grains Partnership was a big inclusion getting to use Australia’s expertise in post-harvest management to strengthen rural grain storage and provide chains so on reduce losses and wastage.
  • The National Institute of Agricultural Marketing is that the nodal organisation from India.
  • Both Ministers expressed satisfaction on the progress of giving market access to the respective agricultural products.
  • Australia has recently given market access for export of Indian pomegranates and there would be a joint strategy for deeper access for Indian mangoes also .
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BIASA BASICS 

India-Australia Relations

Diplomatic

  • India and Australia established diplomatic relations within the pre-Independence period, with the establishment of India Trade Office in Sydney in 1941.  
  • The end of the conflict and simultaneously India’s decision to launch major economic reforms in 1991 provided the primary positive move towards the event of closer ties between the 2 nations.  

Strategic

  • Australia looks at India as a crucial partner in promoting regional security and stability.
  • This led to upgradation of the bilateral relationship to a Strategic Partnership, including a Joint Declaration on Security Cooperation in 2009.  
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Bilateral Engagement

  • Bilateral mechanisms include high-level visits, Annual Meetings of Prime Ministers, Foreign Ministers’ Framework Dialogue, Joint Trade and Commerce Ministerial Commission, India-Australia '2+2' Foreign Secretaries and Defence Secretaries Dialogue, defense program Talks, Australia-India Education Council, Defence Services Staff Talks, etc.

Multilateral Engagement

  • Both countries have close cooperation in multilateral fora like Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and G20.
  • The Quadrilateral Framework (QUAD) of India and Australia along side the US and Japan emphasise the collective resolve to take care of a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific region.

Bilateral Trade

  • India is that the 5th largest trade partner of Australia with trade goods and services at Australian dollar 29 billion representing 3.6 percent share of the entire Australian trade 2017-18, with export at AD 8 billion and import at AD 21 billion.  
  • India’s main exports to Australia are refined petroleum, medicaments, railway vehicles including hover-trains, pearls, gems, jewellery, made up textile articles.
  • India’s main imports are coal, copper ores and concentrate, gold, vegetables, wool and other animal hair, fruits and nuts, lentils and education-related services.
  • India Australia Circular Economy (I-ACE) Hackathon 2021 was an attempt to strengthen bi-lateral innovations in Circular Economy.

Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

  • It was signed between the 2 countries in September 2014 during the visit of the Australian Prime Minister to India.
  • The Australian Parliament passed the Civil Nuclear Transfer to India Bill 2016 which ensures that Uranium mining companies in Australia may fulfil contracts to provide Australian uranium to India for civil use.

Defence

  • In 2014, each side decided to increase defence cooperation to hide research, development and industry engagement and agreed to carry regular meetings at the extent of the Defence Minister conduct regular maritime exercises and convene regular service-to-service talks
  • The first-ever Bilateral Maritime Exercise, AUSINDEX, was conducted in Visakhapatnam (Bay of Bengal) in September 2015.
  • In 2018, the Indian Air Force participated for the primary time within the Exercise coal black in Australia.
  • INS Sahyadri participated in Kakadu, the biennial exercise of the Australian Navy held in 2018, during which 27 nations participated.  
  • The 4th edition of AUSTRAHIND (Special Forces of Army Exercise) was held in September 2019.

Environment

  • It is a neighborhood where there's great opportunity for India and Australia to figure together since both countries had similar commitments.
  • The flagship program of National Innovation for Climate Resilient Agriculture and collaboration with the research organisations of Australia.

Indian Community

  • The Indian community in Australia continues to grow in size and importance, with a population of nearly half seven lakhs.
  • India is now the third-largest source of immigrants to Australia, after the united kingdom and New Zealand and therefore the largest source of skilled professionals for Australia.
  • There is a constant flow of scholars and tourists from India.  
  • The growing significance of the community is reflected within the large-scale celebration of Indian festivals in Australia, especially Deepawali.

SOURCE: LIVE MINT

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