Action Plan for Vulture Conservation 2020-2025
#GS3 #Environment #Wildlife #Conservation
The National Board for Wildlife recently approved an action plan for vulture conservation, 2020-2025. Under the new National Action Plan for Vulture Conservation, five new conservation centres are to be established in five different state (Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu).
- The plan has also suggested that new veterinary non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) be tested on vultures before their commercial release. NSAIDS often poisons cattle whose carcasses the birds pray on.
- The new plan has laid out strategies and actions to stem the decline in vulture population, especially of the three Gyps species:
- Oriental white-backed vulture (Gyps bengalensis)
- Slender-billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris)
- Long-billed vulture (Gyps indicus)
- This would be done through both ex-situ and in-situ conservation.
Highlights of the Action Plan
- A system to automatically remove a drug from veterinary use if it is found to be toxic to vultures, with the help of the Drugs Controller General of India.
- Conservation breeding of red-Headed vultures and Egyptian vultures and the establishment at least one vulture-safe zone in each state for the conservation of the remnant populations in that state.
- Establishment of four rescue centres, in Pinjore (Haryana), Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh), Guwahati (Assam) and Hyderabad (Telangana). There are currently no dedicated rescue centres for treating vultures.
- Coordinated nation-wide vulture counting, involving forest departments, the Bombay Natural History Society, research institutes, non-profits and members of the public. This would be for getting a more accurate estimate of the size of vulture populations in the country.
- A database on emerging threats to vulture conservation, including collision and electrocution, unintentional poisoning, etc.
Vultures in India
- There are 9 species of vultures in India.
- Oriental white backed vulture-critically endangered
- Slender billed vulture-critically endangered
- Long billed vulture-critically endangered
- Egyptian vulture-endangered
- Red headed vulture-critically endangered
- Indian Griffon vulture-least concerned
- Himalayan group of vulture-near threatened
- Cinereous vulture-near threatened
- Bearded vulture -near threatened