About the Istanbul Convention on Violence against Women (#GS i, GS II)

Context:

  • Hundreds of women are murdered in Turkey every year, and popular hashtags on social media and public rallies have become all too regular.
  • According to women's rights organizations, a particularly brutal murder has aroused public concern over the government's purported failure to combat gender-based violence.
  • Activists allege that Turkey has abandoned a road that it was the first country to join by withdrawing from the Istanbul Convention, a historic Council of Europe agreement from 2011 specifying how to protect women's safety.

Background:

  • On November 24, 2011, Turkey became the first country to ratify the Istanbul Convention, and on March 8, 2012, it became the first country to incorporate it into domestic law.

What is the significance of withdrawing:

  • Turkey has come under fire from a variety of quarters, prompting widespread protests.
  • Despite unacceptably high rates of violence and femicide, the country has pulled out of the accord.
  • The country is placed 133rd out of 156 countries in the Global Gender Gap Report 2021.
  • According to UN Women data, 38% of Turkish women have experienced partner abuse at some time in their lives.
  • The Turkish government does not keep official records of femicides.

What factors influenced Turkey's decision to leave:

  • The conference, according to the report, denigrates traditional family structures, promotes divorce, and promotes acceptance of LGBTQ individuals in society.
  • It also claimed to have enough municipal laws to protect women's rights.

Concerns:

  • As a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, domestic violence against women and girls has increased over the world.
  • Others are afraid that Turkish women's fundamental rights and protections may now be jeopardized.

What is the Istanbul Convention, and why does it matter:

  • Another name for it is the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence.
  • The treaty is the first legally binding agreement in the world targeted at preventing and eliminating violence against women.
  • This comprehensive legal framework covers domestic abuse, rape, sexual assault, female genital mutilation (FGM), so-called honor-based violence, and forced marriage.
  • A government agrees to respecting the Convention when it ratifies it.
  • The treaty was ratified by the Council of Europe's Committee of Ministers on April 7, 2011.
  • The Convention provides essential requirements that states must follow when it comes to addressing violence against women.

Preliminary Exam Hot-Link:

  • Location of Istanbul
  • When was it signed, and how long did it take
  • Which country has recently decided to withdraw from the convention
  • What is the Council of Europe, exactly?

Source : AljaZeera.

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