About the crisis faced by Rohingya Muslims

Why in the News:

  • After striking an agreement with the UN to assist them, Bangladesh wants to relocate over 80,000 Rohingya refugees to Bhasan Char, an isolated island in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Despite concerns raised by aid organisations, 19,000 Muslim refugees from Myanmar have been relocated to Bhashan Char island from congested camps on the mainland.

Background:

  • Bhasan Char is an island in the Bay of Bengal that was developed primarily to host 1,000 of Myanmar's 1 million Rohingya refugees.
  • Human rights organisations have slammed the decision, alleging that some people are being compelled to travel against their choice. The government, on the other hand, says that the refugees who have come on the island did so voluntarily.

Who are the Rohingya ethnic group:

  • They are a Muslim-dominated ethnic minority who have not been granted full citizenship by Myanmar.
  • They were classified as "resident foreigners or associate citizens."
  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has labelled him as "one of, if not the, most discriminated humans on the planet" because they are more closely linked to India's and Bangladesh's Indo-Aryans than to the country's Sino-Tibetans.

Source : THE HINDU.

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