78th anniversary of Quit India movement
News : The 78th anniversary of the August Kranti Din, which is considered as one of the important milestones in the history of freedom struggle of our country, was observed on August 8, 2020.
About Quit India movement
- On 8th August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi gave a clarion call to end the British rule and launched the Quit India Movement at the session of the All-India Congress Committee in Mumbai.
- The movement had begun from Gawalia Tank Maidan in Mumbai and the day is observed as August Kranti Day every year.
- After the failure of the Cripps Mission, Gandhiji gave the call “Do or Die”’ in his speech delivered at the Gowalia Tank Maidan, now popularly known as August Kranti Maidan.
- Gandhiji was soon imprisoned at Aga Khan Palace in Pune and almost all leaders were arrested.
- New leaders like Aruna Asaf Ali emerged out of the vacuum of leadership.
- The Britishers declared the INC to be an unlawful association.
- Over 100000 people were arrested and the government resorted to violence in order to crush the agitation.
- Gandhiji was released in 1944 on health grounds. However, in the absence of any central leadership, there were some incidences of violence.
- Muslim League, the Communist Party of India and the Hindu Mahasabha did not support the movement. The Indian bureaucracy also did not support the movement.
- The League was not in favour of the British leaving India without partitioning the country first.
- The Communist party supported the British since they were allied with the Soviet Union.
- Meanwhile, Subhas Chandra Bose, organised the Indian National Army and the Azad Hind government from outside the country.
- As, C Rajagopalachari was not in favour of complete independence he resigned from the INC.
- There were strikes and demonstrations all over the country and workers provided the support by not working in the factories.
- At some places (Ballia, Tamluk, Satara etc.) parallel governments were also set up.
- Women took active participation in the movement. Female leaders like Usha Mehta has helped set up an underground radio station which led to the awakening about the movement.
- Aruna Asaf Ali popularly known as the 'Grand Old Lady' of the Independence Movement is known for hoisting the Indian flag at the Gowalia Tank Maidan in Mumbai during the Quit India Movement.
- While the Quit India campaign was crushed in 1944, with the British refusing to grant immediate independence, saying it could happen only after the war had ended, they came to the important realization that India was ungovernable in the long run due to the cost of World War II.