Operation Blue Star-37th anniversary

#GS3 #INTERNAL SECURITY #DEFENCE SYSTEM

Context:

  • Recently, the 37th anniversary of Operation blue star was observed.
  • The 1984 Operation blue star was the most important internal security mission ever undertaken by the Indian Army.
  • The Indian military entered into the premises of the Golden Temple to drive out the Sikh extremist religionist , Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers.
  • It was administered between June 1 and June 8, 1984, in Amritsar.

Operation blue star was divided into two parts:

  1. Operation Metal: it had been limited to Golden Temple but it also led to Operation Shop - the capturing of suspects from the outskirts of Punjab.
  2. Operation Woodrose was launched throughout Punjab. The operation was administered by the Indian Army, using tanks, artillery, helicopters and armoured vehicles.
What happened during 1984 Operation Blue Star? - FYI News
SOURCE: INDIA TODAY 

Origin  

  • Operation blue star took birth after the increase of the Khalistan movement in India.  
  • The Khalistan movement was a political Sikh nationalist movement that aimed toward creating an independent state for Sikhs inside the present North-Western Republic of India.
  • Operation blue star was Indira Gandhi's solution to take care of the law and order situation in Punjab.
  • Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India, ordered the operation to get rid of Sikh militants who were accumulating weapons within the Harmandir Sahib Complex (Golden Temple).
  • Prime Minister Gandhi was assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards after Operation Bluestar, triggering an extra wave of retaliation.

 

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