Pandemic and panic 

#GS2 #Governance  

While ensuring distancing, govts should not trigger crowding through abrupt changes 

  • The Tamil Nadu government’s order intensifying the lockdown in Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Tiruppur and Salem from April 26 briefly convulsed these cities with panic, threatening to undo the gains achieved from avoiding crowding, maintaining physical distancing and preparing the public for a calibrated exit from restrictions.   
  • If the idea was to halt the rising rate of infections, which cumulatively touched 1,821 on April 25, the government’s announcement of a ‘complete lockdown’ was counterproductive.   
  • Thousands crowded grocery stores, vegetable shops and petrol pumps, with many ignoring safety norms. Anxiety over access to essential goods, particularly among those who do not store articles for long periods, triggered panic buying.   
  • Confusion also marked the issue of new passes for delivery agents in places such as Madurai, attracting massive crowds. Such chaotic events are an invitation to disaster, since the dangerous virus is also highly contagious.   
  • Barring emergencies, care needs of patients with chronic non-COVID conditions and death of kin, the average citizen can weather a lockdown reasonably well if food, medicines and other essentials are available.   
  • Longer shutdowns will create other stresses, since no household maintenance work is possible and spares are not available. But the crowding challenge during the lockdown is posed mainly by the use of personal vehicles.   
  • Restricting this is feasible if governments can bring essential articles virtually to one’s doorstep or make them available within walking distance. Physical distancing and a ‘no mask, no service’ rule should apply.   
  • Creating scannable codes can help essential services function smoothly and enable easier policing. A system of codes may be inevitable, when select activity such as movement of industrial workers is permitted in future.   
  • Periodic lockdowns may also become common, when there are infection spikes. The administration needs refined tools and a consultative process with all sectors for this new normal.  
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