Down to Earth’s governance rankings
Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Himachal Pradesh topped were governed the best in India according to the Down To Earth’s State of India’s Environment 2020: In Figures rankings of states on ten parameters. The report is due to be released on June 4, 2020.
- The rankings are based on two recent government reports: Good Governance Index and Composite Water Management Index. The parameters include:
- Agriculture and allied activities
- Human resource development
- Public infrastructure
- Social welfare development
- Commerce and industries
- Water resources management
- Economic governance
- Judicial and public safety
- Public health
- Delhi placed at the bottom along with Arunachal Pradesh and a few other states.
- The rankings also highlight the specific sectors where individual state governments are lagging and the sectors where they are doing good work. For example, Delhi is ranked third in human resource development, which looks at education and skill building among others.
Farm and water sectors.
- The national score in agriculture and allied sectors (horticulture, livestock and fisheries) is a dismal 4.23 out of 10, highlighting the need for immediate focus.
- This explains the widespread slump in the sector and the resultant high rate of farmer suicides in India. Tamil Nadu scores marginally better at 4.5 while Maharashtra scores 4.2.
- In fact, 13 states score below the national average and this includes five north-eastern states, along with Delhi, Telangana, Goa, Kerala and Punjab.
- The current pandemic is making the situation worse. For example, horticulture, a major source of income for farmers in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, had been impacted with less demand due to closure of temples and a ban on marriages.
- A similar problem is seen in the water sector where the national average is 4.52. A total of 15 states score below the national average, which include seven north-eastern states, along with Delhi, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Bihar.