Difference between Registered and Recognized parties
#GS2 #Governance #Elections #PoliticalParties
An association or body of individual citizens of India calling itself a political party and intending to avail itself of the provisions of Part-IVA of the RPA (relating to registration of political parties) is required to get itself registered with the ECI.
- In order to be recognised as a State party, the political party should fulfill any of the following conditions:
- At General Elections or Legislative Assembly elections, the party has won 3% of seats in the legislative assembly of the State ( subject to a minimum of 3 seats), OR
- At a Lok Sabha General Elections, the party has won 1 Lok sabha seat for every 25 Lok Sabha seats allotted for the State, OR
- At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party has polled a minimum of 6% of votes in a State and in addition it has won 1 Lok Sabha or 2 Legislative Assembly seats, OR
- At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party has polled 8% of votes in a State.
For National Status:
- The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (11 seats) from at least 3 different States, OR
- At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats, OR
- A party gets recognition as State Party in four or more States.
- The registered but unrecognised political parties do not have the privilege of contesting elections on a fixed symbol of their own. They have to choose from a list of ‘free symbols’ issued by the poll panel.
- A recognized National or State party can have a maximum of 40 “Star campaigners” and a registered unrecognised party can nominate a maximum of 20 ‘Star Campaigners”.
Benefits enjoyed by registered political parties:
- RPA allows them to accept contributions voluntarily offered to it by any person or company other than a government company.
- Candidates of registered parties get preference in allotment of election symbols.
- Registered political parties, in course of time, can get recognition as `State Party’ or National Party’ subject to the fulfillment of the conditions prescribed by the Commission in the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968.
- If a party is recognised as a State Party’, it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbol to the candidates set up by it in the State in which it is so recognised.
- If a party is recognised as a `National Party’ it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbol to the candidates set up by it throughout India.
- Recognised `State’ and `National’ parties need only one proposer for filing the nomination.
- They are entitled for two sets of electoral rolls free of cost at the time of revision of rolls and their candidates get one copy of electoral roll free of cost during General Elections.
- They get broadcast/telecast facilities over Akashvani/Doordarshan during general elections.
- Political parties are entitled to nominate “Star Campaigners” during General Elections.
- As per the Election Commission of India’s latest data, India is having a total of 2,293 political parties. They include seven “recognised national” and 59 “recognised state” parties.
What is the online portal all about?
- The Registration of Political Parties is governed by the provisions of Section 29A of the RPA.
- ECI has now reviewed the system and process of registration of political parties.
- The new guidelines will be effective from 1st January, 2020.
- The “Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System” (PPRTMS) will be implemented through an online portal, to facilitate tracking of status of application by applicants.
- The salient feature in PPRTMS is that the applicant (who is applying for party registration from 1st January, 2020 onwards) will be able to track the progress of his / her application and will get status updates through SMS and email.
- The applicant should provide contact mobile number and email address of the party / applicant in his application.